The cannabis plant has many components some of which have medicinal value while others are for recreational purposes. There are various extraction techniques that you can use to get these components depending on how you want to use the extracts. The cannabis plant has more 113 cannabinoids out of which less than five are the most important.
CBD is one of the most famous, and THC closely follows it. You can either extract one component or several of them to form one compound. Extracting these products needs some chemistry knowledge which means that you should invest in laboratory equipment. The following are some of the most common forms of extraction
Alcohol is an excellent solvent which explains why it is widely used as a form of extraction. Ethanol is an excellent choice for this application. You need to soak the plant in ethanol, and the extracts will come out naturally. Once you have the extract, you can comfortably evaporate the alcohol and ensure that you have moderate temperatures when doing this. The most significant disadvantage of this approach is that it sometimes dissolves chlorophyll which results in a bitter taste. You thus have to device a means of eliminating it when it occurs. Also, remember to take precautions when using ethanol because it is highly flammable.
Carbon dioxide extraction
CO2 extraction is one of the safest ways of extracting cannabis product. A reagent like ethanol can be expensive and still demanding because you have to clean up later. You need high pressure and high temperatures when you are extracting cannabinoids using this approach. You can adjust temperatures and pressure if you want to extract a specific compound. You can recycle the carbon dioxide once you are through with the extraction as it condenses and forms a liquid. Other gases that you can use include butane and propane. You need to use them while they are in their liquid form and then evaporate the gas using a vacuum. You need to be cautious because butane is highly flammable.
Sometimes you may want to extract some cells and compounds that you can use for future experiments. The challenging part is not the extraction but how to keep the extracts and cells safe for future use. In such a case, it is good to use experts with ready equipment such as Omnia Biologics which ensures that viruses and cells are safe from contaminations.